President Joe Biden “informed his G7 counterparts” of the decision on Friday, according to national security adviser Jake Sullivan.
Mr. Sullivan stated that US troops will also educate Ukrainian pilots in the use of the jets.
According to state-run media, Russia warned other nations that supplying Ukraine with F-16s would expose them to “enormous risks.”
Alexander Grushko, deputy foreign minister, stated to the state-owned news agency Tass that Western nations “remain committed to the scenario of escalation.”
“This will be incorporated into all of our plans, and we have all the resources necessary to achieve our objectives,” he said.
President Volodymyr Zelensky praised the move as a “historic decision” in light of Ukraine’s long-standing desire for advanced jets.
No government has declared that Kyiv would receive the upgraded jets it sorely wants, but it appears increasingly likely.
The United States and its allies have so far “focused on providing Ukraine with the systems, weapons, and training it needs to conduct offensive operations this spring and summer,” Mr. Sullivan told reporters in Hiroshima, describing the moves as Washington’s “long-term commitment to Ukraine’s self-defense.”
“As the training unfolds in the coming months, we will collaborate with our allies to determine when, who, and how many planes will be delivered.”
Ukraine has repeatedly lobbied its Western allies for aircraft to aid in its conflict with Russia.
He anticipated “discussing the practical implementation” of the plan at the G7 summit in Hiroshima, where he arrived on Saturday.
There are numerous air defense systems on the ground, and Russia’s large air force has struggled to achieve air superiority, so senior US military officials were initially skeptical about the ability of Western-supplied fighter jets to drastically alter the conflict.
However, Mr. Sullivan told reporters that the United States had supplied Kyiv with weapons as required on the battlefield and that the decision to clear the way for fighter jets indicated that the conflict had entered a new phase.
“Now that we have delivered everything we promised to deliver, we have enabled the Ukrainians to advance on the battlefield through the counteroffensive. “The time has come to look into the future and determine what Ukraine will need as part of a future force to defend against Russian aggression,” he said.
Mr. Sullivan also indicated that any aircraft supplied to the Ukrainian government would only be used for defensive purposes and that the United States would neither facilitate nor support attacks against Russian territory.
“The Ukrainians have repeatedly indicated their willingness to carry out this commitment,” he said.
Nations must also concur to provide the jets.
The US produces the F-16, which is used by various European and Middle Eastern nations.
The United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Denmark all supported the U.S. initiative.
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Rishi Sunak tweeted, “The United Kingdom will collaborate with the United States, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Denmark to give Ukraine the combat air capability it requires.”
The United Kingdom has no F-16s in its air force.
Former NATO official Dr. Jamie Shea stated that the aircraft requires extensive maintenance after almost every battle, which has contributed to opposition to their deployment.
Officials say they need 200 aircraft to match Moscow’s air power, which is five to six times stronger than Kyiv’s.